logo epfl
humanoids
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne
speech
 english only
     Place centrale > humanoids > research > upper body > speech

 contenu

Home
Research
People
Videos
Publications
Sponsors
Contact

Overview 
Videos   
Publications
People

 Speech interface for HOAP

Libraries for speech recognition and speech synthesis are necessary in order to increase the ability of the HOAP-2 Robot to interact with humans.
For years, scientists have been trying to get softwares to best imitate humans. The goal of this project was not to implement a new solution for speech processing, but to use existent softwares and to adapt them to the interaction with HOAP-2.
A hardware device has also been developed to amplify the audio output of the computer.

Speech processing software

The first stage was to look for open source programs in the domain of speech recognition and speech synthesis.
Sphinx 2 is a speech recognition program developed at the Canergy Mellon Insitute (http://cmusphinx.sourceforge.net). Based on a HMM architecture and the Viterbi algorithm, it tries to recognise the word we say, out of a given vocabulary.
Festival is a text-to-speech program developed at the University of Edinburgh (http://www.cstr.ed.ac.uk/projects/festival/). It analyses the phrase we want to be said and cut it into a list of diphones. With this list, it looks up in its database and puts voice samples together.

Speech system

The second stage consisted in incorporating these programs to an application able to interact with humans, programs and machines. In order to do this, a client-server architecture was chosen, offering the possibility to be autonomous and easily adaptable to new applications for speech processing.

On the figure below, we can see the two entities, communicating over the LAN. The microphone and the loudspeaker are plugged to the server, which only handles row strings. The ones recognised by Sphinx are sent to the client, and the ones sent by the client are redirected to Festival. Exceptions to that are the three orders executed directly by the server: change the speaker used by Festival, do a break for recognition and halt down.

The client handles the strings recognised by Sphinx. An example of decoding is provided in the demonstration application. First of all, the global character of the sentence is extracted: question, actionů Then, depending on the category, the exact signification is found, so that the application can react correctly and interact with the human.

Results

The whole system works correctly. The developed applications are simple to use. Their execution is reliable, rapid and not resource consuming. Festival reached our expectations, but we have to be lenient with Sphinx. Indeed, for good results, we have to speak distinctly, with an American accent and, over all, the less vocabulary we have in the dictionary, the better the chances are to get a correct answer. Men and women are recognised in an equivalent way. With an appropriate algorithm, we can handle sentences recognised incorrectly and still react the right way.


Videos

Interaction with robot HOAP2 (1:41)
XviD, 23.0Mb
Cinepack, 45.5Mb

People involved in this project



©2005 EPFL, 1015 Lausanne, humanoids@groups.epfl.ch
last update: 06/30/05